The biceps muscle is not just a “glamour muscle” but is involved with important daily functions of the arm and shoulder. Specifically, it allows for flexion of the elbow and rotation of the shoulder joint. Because it is such a prominent and practical muscle, it can be afflicted with many different ailments such as sprains, strains, tears, displacements, and inflammation.
Taping the biceps is as simple as a single piece of kinesiotape.
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is classified as an entrapment neuropathy, where a nerve is irritated due to inflammation or decreased space surrounding it. CTS is considered the most common of these disorders and the latest research estimates the prevalence at 3 to 6% of adults.
The carpal tunnel itself is an area in the wrist where the median nerve and other forearm tendons travel through to reach the hand. This area can become compressed or inflamed through trauma, repetitive use, and pregnancy, leading to irritation of the median nerve. Common symptoms include numbness, tingling, pain, and loss of strength in the hand and fingers.
Before surgical options for releasing pressure on the carpal tunnel are considered, a course of conservative measures is usually initiated. This can involve the use of wrist splints when sleeping, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, injections into the affected wrist, acupuncture, chiropractic manipulation, and yoga. Kinesiotaping also falls under the conservative treatment branch and is performed as follows:
Pain localized in the lateral epicondyle of the elbow is referred to as tennis elbow. Similar to golfer’s elbow outlined last week, this injury is a result of inflammation or repetitive overuse in the extensor tendons of the forearm, which allow for extension of the wrist and fingers.
Our friends at KT Tape and Rocktape provide simple instructions for this condition.
Golfer’s elbow, also know as medial epicondylitis, presents as pain on the inside of the elbow. The tendons that connect the upper arm to the forearm are inflamed from overuse of the arm and wrist. Unlike the name, this injury is not just limited to golfers. Any activity that involves repetitive twisting or flexing of the forearm and wrist can lead to medial epicondylitis.
Kinesiotaping for this injury is easy and effective, as shown in demo videos by KT Tape and Rocktape.
Since the focus was on inner knee pain last week, it’s only fair we show the outside of the knee some taping love. Important anatomical structures are located in this area including the lateral collateral ligament (LCL), lateral meniscus, and the area of insertion for the IT band. Taping the outer knee can promote healing to any sort of lateral knee injury resulting from sports such as running, tennis, basketball, and football.
First up is KT Tape’s version using 2 half strips and 1 regular strip.
Rocktape’s technique is simpler in that only 1 regular and 1 half strip are needed.
With a rash of MCL injuries occurring in the NBA recently (Iman Shumpert and Nene Hilario), I thought it would be appropriate to showcase a couple of kinesiotaping techniques for inner knee pain. In addition to knee ligament issues, medial knee pain can also be caused by inflammation of the tendons from leg muscles that attach in the area such as the sartorious, gracilis, and semitendinosis.
KT Tape provides a way to tape the inner knee using two small strips and one larger strip of tape.
Rocktape on the other hand provides support in the region using a regular strip and a half strip of tape.
This week’s edition of Taping Tuesday focuses on fingers. Whether the injury is caused by trauma or repetitive means, kinesiotaping can help stabilize and support the digits, allowing for optimal healing to occur.
The first video talks about taping for the thumb and is especially helpful for those suffering from De Quervain syndrome where the tendons of the extensor pollicis brevis and abductor pollicis longus muscles are inflamed. This can cause pain at the area of the wrist where these tendons travel to get to the thumb.
KT Tape also demonstrates how to tape for jammed fingers in this next video.
An article entitled “Groin Injuries in Sports Medicine” in Sports Health found that groin strains account for approximately 10% of all injuries in soccer and hockey players. Repeated trauma to the hip can cause chronic issues with the muscles, ligaments, and tendons in the region. The severity of groin strains range from mild irritation to severe debilitation of daily activities.
Kinesiotape can help with rehabilitation of the adductor muscles by providing added stability and support. The tape’s ability to slightly lift the skin up from the fascia can also increase blood flow to the area. Below are two methods for taping the groin. One utilizes normal sized strips while the other demonstrates technique with a larger 4″ wide tape.
With Rudy Gay still out of the lineup for the Sacramento Kings with a left Achilles injury, I thought it would be appropriate to cover kinesiotaping strategies for this important tendon. A study titled “Calcaneal loading during walking and running” published in the Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise in 2000 showed that the Achilles tendon can have load forces of up to 3.9 times your body weight when walking and 7.7 times body weight when running. Thus, it is important to help support and stabilize it especially during high impact activities such as running, volleyball, and basketball.
Below is an excellent way to apply kinesiotape on the Achilles tendon, courtesy of KT Tape.
According to a 17 year review of injuries in the NBA published in Sports Health, lateral ankle sprains were the most prevalent injuries. It also caused the second most missed games, behind patellofemoral inflammation. Typical treatment consists of conservative measures such as rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) for grade 1 sprains. Grade 2 includes more stabilization of the joint with an added boot or brace. Regardless of the grade, strengthening and range of motion rehab exercises are often prescribed while surgery is a rare option.
Kinesiotape provides good support for the ankle and can help speed up the recovery process. There are different techniques for taping an ankle depending on who you ask. Here are two methods courtesy of Rocktape and Kt Tape.
Had experience with kinesiology tape on your ankles? Sound off in the comments below!